University of Nashville, Western Military Institute and Montgomery Bell Academy:
Hospital No. 2, housing 300 beds during the Civil War Federal Occupation of Nashville
“In 1853, a new building was constructed at 724 Second Avenue in Nashville, and in 1854, the literary college re-opened. In 1855, Lindsley’s son and successor John Berrien Lindsley merged the Western Military Institute and the University of Nashville. It moved its entire operation from Georgetown, Kentucky, where it had operated since its founding in 1847, to Nashville. Bushrod Johnson was a professor at the Western Military Institute from 1851 to 1855. He served as its headmaster when it moved to Nashville in the merger, and continued in that capacity until the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861. He served the Confederate States Army during the war as a general It was during this period that Sam Davis attended the Western Military Institute; he was later called the “boy hero of the Confederacy”, and hanged by Union forces as a spy in 1863. The Western Military Institute did not offer instruction from 1862 to 1865. During 1862, the campus building served as a Union hospital for Federal officers.
Industrialist Montgomery Bell left the University of Nashville $20,000 in his will in 1867, and Lindsley used the proceeds to open up the Montgomery Bell Academy (MBA) that year as a new preparatory school in Nashville. The new school took over the operations of the then defunct Western Military Institute and the University of Nashville preparatory school.”
- Hampton J. Cheney, Confederate veteran and Tennessee State Senator.
- Thomas J. Latham, bankruptcy judge and businessman in Memphis, Tennessee.
- John W. Morton, Tennessee Secretary of State from 1901 to 1909.
- Joseph Toole – first and fourth Governor of Montana
- José Andrés Coronado Alvarado (1895–1975), Costa Rican diplomat who served as head of Latin American relations while at the university.
- William Barksdale, U. S. congressman and Civil War General, killed at Gettysburg (July 3, 1863).
- John Bell (1797–1869), Tennessee senator and presidential candidate (graduate of Cumberland College)
- Rufus Columbus Burleson, second president of Baylor University, Baptist preacher.
- Sam Davis, boy hero of the Confederacy.
- George Maney, Confederate general and U.S. diplomat to several South American countries.
- Van. H. Manning (1839–1892), U.S. representative from Mississippi and Confederate States Army officer during the American Civil War.
- Albert A. Murphree, (1870–1927), president of Florida State College for Women (1897–1909) and the University of Florida (1909–1927).
- Gideon Johnson Pillow, (1806–78), U.S. and Confederate States Army general and lawyer.
- Peter Pitchlynn, 1806–1881), chief of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma (1864–1866), liaison to the U.S. government.
- Samuel Hollingsworth Stout (1822–1903), American farmer, slaveholder, and Confederate surgeon
- William Walker, (1824–1860), U.S. filibuster. Executed in Honduras in 1860.
- Gen. George Gordon – Confederate General